"There used to be a great brotherhood. But after the attack, there were arrests and the Peuls left," said Tiemoko.
"If they leave, it's because they blame themselves for something," he insisted.
"Because of the attacks, they were afraid of reprisals and left the village," said Siphoho.
- 'The jihadists have won' -
One Fulani in Kafolo, going by the pseudonym of Amadou, said he had spent three and a half months in prison in Korhogo, the main city in northern Ivory Coast, because he was suspected of having a link with the attackers.
After being released, he returned to live in the area.
"Here, when people see a Peul passing by on a motorbike in the village, they are afraid and see him as a jihadist," Amadou said.
He said he was married to an Ivorian woman and did not feel sidelined by the community, although he wondered about the sudden departure of other Fulani.
Were they driven out by the townsfolk?
All those interviewed by AFP in Kafolo insisted that this was not the case, and their version of events was supported by municipal sub-prefect Issouf Dao.
"We welcome the Fulani, they have been here for a very long time," Dao said. "There's no problem - but there is mistrust regarding Peuls who we do not know."
While the strong military presence reassured local people, many deplored the consequences of the attacks, notably for tourism in the region, which has been classified in the red zone by most Western countries, restricting travel to necessary business trips.
In the Sahel to the north of Ivory Coast, years of jihadist attacks have ravaged the economies of Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger.